The Italian Game
The Italian game is the oldest chess opening ever played. It is one of those chess openings, that are basic and simple yet have an effective role in deciding the further gameplay. In this article, we are going to learn about the Italian game and its further manoeuvres as well. This article will also focus on how the Italian game can affect further gameplay. Let us begin with a bit about the history and origin of the Italian game.
History of the Italian game
It is one of the oldest played chess openings. The Gottingen manuscript cites the first references of the Italian game. The development and origin of this chess opening date back to the 16th century. The credit of the development of this chess opening goes to players such as Polerio, and Damiano.
Italian game chess opening
What is The Italian Game?
The progress of the Italian Bishop to the C4 square, from where it attacks the F7 square of the black is the basic opening in the Italian game. The Italian Bishop is actually the White Bishop. The sequence of moves for the Italian game is as follows-
- e4 e5
- Nf3 Nc6
Due to the simple and basic scheme of development, many chess players believe the Italian game is an inferior chess opening. But this incredibly simple opening has the inherent potential to progress into extensive gameplays. The Italian game can convert into one of its three main variations reported in the middle gameplay. Let us move ahead, and discuss the prime variations of the Italian game.
Main variations of The Italian game
The basic chess opening can develop and progress into any of the three very famous gameplays, mentioned below:
- The Giuoco Piano
- The Evans Gambit
- The Two Knights Defence
Let us proceed further and discuss these variations in brief.
5 best chess opening traps in Italian game
The Giuoco Piano
This was the main line of gameplay that developed after the basic Italian game chess opening. The Giuoco Piano play cites back until the 19th century. The Giuoco Piano is one of the best moves available to the black after the development of the Italian game. The chess moves for the development of the Giuoco Piano are as follows-
- e4 e5
- Nf3 Nc6
- Bc4 Bc5
The progress of the black bishop to C5 square allows the Queen to cover the g5 square and hence, prevent the attack.
The Evans Gambit
Another progression of the Italian game is the Evans Gambit. Its name credits its development to an amateur chess player named William Evans. There was a sudden rise in the popularity of the Evans Gambit among the chess players of the 19th century. The Evans Gambit was so much popular by around the 1820s that someone described it as,
A gift of the gods to a languishing chess world.
Originally posted on The Italian Game!